【Duolingo英語術】Section5-19 Talk about the past

【Duolingo英語術】Section5-19 Talk about the past

みなさんこんにちは!

英語学習アプリ「Duolingo」で取り上げられている英文をまとめて学習につなげる「Duolingo英語術」、今回はDuolingoのセクション5のユニット19、“Talk about the past”(過去について話す)を取り上げます。

ここでは、過去の経験や出来事を想定した表現が幅広く登場します。「昔は〜はなかった(が、今は・・・だ)」の表現にも注目です。

早速いってみましょう!

セクション5では「幅広い話題について文章を作る」(I can participate in daily life in English.)ことがテーマになっております

予めご了承下さい
  • 2024年7月時点の情報となります
  • 核になる表現はそのままで、単語や細かな言い回し等が変わることもございます
  • 英語の文章表記は、公式の表現をそのまま使用しております
  • 本ユニットでは問題・回答とも日本語訳が出てきませんが、独自に日本語訳を少しずつ付けていきます
  • 最新の情報につきましては、公式ホームページやアプリでご確認下さい
  • 参考情報としてご利用ください。本情報のご利用に基づくいかなる損害に対しても責任は負いかねます
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本ユニットで登場した表現

重要なフレーズ

What did you use to do for fun?
(昔は何をして楽しんでましたか?)

I loved swimming in the stream with my friends.
(友達と一緒に小川で泳ぐのが大好きでした。)

What time did you use to wake up for school?
(以前は何時に起きて学校に行っていましたか?)

We used to wake up before sunrise to take care of the cows.
(私たちは以前牛の世話をするために日の出前に起きていました。)

Kids never used to stay at home because it was so boring!

This old farm house didn’t use to have electricity.

回答メモ
  • 別の表現例…ここでは、Duolingoで正解扱いとしている別解が設定されているものについて記載しております
  • 本ユニットでは英文のみ登場します(日本語訳はありません)

このユニットでは、used toの穴埋め問題が多数出題されます

日の出(sunrise)

They used to enjoy the sunrise every morning.
彼らは毎朝、日の出を楽しんでいました。

When we were young, we watched the sunrise every morning.

Well, I don’t watch the sunrise anymore because I wake up late.

Sunrises on the farm were beautiful!

When we lived on a farm, everyone used to wake up early. Your grandpa woke up at sunrise.

The sunrises used to be just orange, but now they are colorful. 以前は日の出はオレンジ色だけだったが、今はカラフルだ。

泳ぐ

Grandpa and I didn’t swim in the lake. We never used to swim outdoors!

We used to swim to the big rock in the middle of the lake.

The lake was his favorite because it was the best place to swim.

小川

Your mom and I used to swim in that stream.

I loved living near the stream.

We used to walk to the stream every morning. We walked with our dogs.

Everyone in town used to drink water from that stream.

テレビ

Grandma never used to watch the news. Actually, she didn’t watch TV often.

We didn’t use to have a 65 inch TV. We never used to have a TV!

We used to have a 10 inch TV, but we have a 32 inch TV now. It’s much bigger!

勉強・課題・学校に関する表現

How many assignments did you have each day?

When I was in high school, I had a lot of assignments. They were very difficult!

Did you use to be a good student, Grandma?

You used to study a lot, right? Did you use to study with Grandpa?

Did Grandma use to like math? I think my mom used to like math too.

Did my dad use to study a lot? You used to study every day too, right?

I never used to study at home. I didn’t study because I loved playing video games!

Grandma used to go to the library after school. Did you use to go to the library?

Grandma, why did you use to wear this dress to school? It’s so uncomfortable!

遊んでいた

Grandpa used to play with rocks when he was young. He didn’t play video games.

There was a basketball court near our house, so we used to play there every week.

The kids used to play outdoors instead of staying at home.

My husband loved doing housework, but I didn’t like being indoors. Actually, I preferred playing outside.

Web検索等インターネットに関する表現

We didn’t use to search the web for information. Actually, we read books!

Vikram can search the web so he doesn’t need these books anymore.

Do you know how to type, Grandpa?

Grandma goes on the web to send long emails to her friends.

How did you do that assignment without the internet?

家事に関する表現

Grandma always swept the floor, but I prefer vacuuming it.

Yes, I swept the floors.

We used to sweep and mop the floors when we were young!

We used to spend all day sweeping the floor with a broom.

I never used to like washing the dishes because we didn’t use to have a dishwasher.

とうもろこし

Grandma and I used to grow corn on our farm!

We used to grow corn in our garden. It grew really well in the summer!

Grandma made this corn salad. She used to make it for your parents often.

会計士

Grandpa was an accountant and worked with money. Now he’s retired.

Grandma used to work as an accountant a long time ago.

Accountants didn’t use to have computers to help them.

Mom never used to work as an accountant. Actually, she didn’t use to work!

税金等お金に関する表現

I’d like ninety thousand dollars a year after tax.

Taxes were expensive because the city was building new schools.

When I was young, taxes were much lower.

Grandpa never used to pay taxes because he didn’t use to have a job.

My dad never used to have a car, so we didn’t use to pay a lot of taxes.

〇〇にタオルやソファーをかける

Why are you covering the bread with a towel, Grandma?

Let’s cover the furniture before we paint. I’ll put a blanket on the couch.

上記以外のuse to〜、used to〜の表現

There used to be fewer houses in our town, but many people live here now.

We didn’t use to live with our children, but we live together now.

Where did Grandma and Grandpa use to go on vacation?

Now, Grandpa is a few inches shorter than he used to be.

Your grandpa didn’t play sports a lot. He never used to play hockey with us.

Did you know how to speak Spanish, Grandpa?

その他の表現

Yes, some students did. However, I finished school.

Was she interested in different religions?

Did you like your job?

Why did Grandma use to keep so much extra food in the closet?

Though we had fewer toys, we were happy.

I loved all sweets! Actually chocolate was my favorite, so I ate it often!

今回のツッコミ表現

今回のsilly sentence
  • There used to be a lot of flies around our dog because he was always dirty.
    以前はうちの犬はいつも汚れていたので、その周りにはハエがたくさんいました。
きのぷー

今はワンちゃんはきれいなのでしょうね!?

出題の傾向と対策

現在準備中です。順次更新いたします

読んで答えてください

英語の出題文と設問を見て、選択肢の中から適切なものを1つ選んでください。英文は音声ありで、スピーカーのアイコンを押せば、繰り返し聴くことができます

School used to be very confusing for Grandpa because he didn’t know how to read. When one of his teachers taught him, it changed everything!  What changed for Grandpa?

He learned to read.

I remember one night when I couldn’t fall asleep. My room was very quiet except for one fly. It flew around my head and didn’t let me sleep!  The fly…

made annoying noises

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そもそも「Duolingoって何者?」という方は下記リンクをご覧下さい。運営さん曰く、

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