【Duolingo英語術】Section5-5 Talk about the chores

【Duolingo英語術】Section5-5 Talk about the chores

みなさんこんにちは!

英語学習アプリ「Duolingo」で取り上げられている英文をまとめて学習につなげる「Duolingo英語術」、今回はDuolingoのセクション5のユニット5、“Talk about the chores”(家事について話す)を取り上げます。

ここでは、皿洗い、床掃除などの家事に取り組んでいる場面を想定した表現が主に登場します。また、「〇〇に〜させる」という表現にも注目です。

早速いってみましょう!

セクション5では「幅広い話題について文章を作る」(I can participate in daily life in English.)ことがテーマになっております

予めご了承下さい
  • 2024年6月時点の情報となります
  • 核になる表現はそのままで、単語や細かな言い回し等が変わることもございます
  • 英語の文章表記は、公式の表現をそのまま使用しております
  • ユニットでは問題・回答とも日本語訳が出てきませんが、独自に日本語訳を少しずつ付けていきます
  • 最新の情報につきましては、公式ホームページやアプリでご確認下さい
  • 参考情報としてご利用ください。本情報のご利用に基づくいかなる損害に対しても責任は負いかねます
目次

本ユニットで登場した表現

重要なフレーズ

We should clean the kitchen because it looks messy.
(台所が散らかって見えるので私たちは掃除したほうがいいです。)

Where did you get your education, and what did you study?

Listening to music makes me clean faster!

I like having a dishwasher because it does the work for you.

Yeah, when I was a kid, I had to wash the dishes by hand!

When we had guests, my parents made me help in the kitchen.

回答メモ
  • 別の表現例…ここでは、Duolingoで正解扱いとしている別解が設定されているものについて記載しております
  • 本ユニットでは英文のみ登場します(日本語訳はありません)

このユニットでは、「〜させる」という表現が多く出題されます

洗濯・洗濯機に関する表現

Junior’s dad made him wash the sock because it was dirty.
ジュニアの父親は靴下が汚かったので彼に洗わせました。

The washing machine is broken, so Junior has to wash this sock by hand!
洗濯機が壊れているので、ジュニアはこの靴下を手で洗わなければなりません!

Mom, Ben is making me wash his clothes by hand!

Tom doesn’t have to do the laundry now. I can wash the clothes later.

I do housework on the weekend. On Saturday morning, I usually do the laundry.

I have to wash that coat because it’s dirty.

鍵・施錠に関する表現

I can’t lock this door without a key.

Wow, I think they forgot to lock the window!

Who’s responsible for locking the door?

I never forget to lock the door.

My mom made me lock the door every time we left the house

I didn’t make you lock the door because I have to take out the garbage.

食器・調理道具を洗う

The dishwasher is broken, so I have to wash this plate.

Mia dislikes cleaning, so she never washes the dishes.

My mom has made us wash the dishes since we were young.

My mom doesn’t make me do the dishes, but she made me wash the clothes.

I always wash the dishes by hand. I prefer to do things by myself.

The dishwasher is broken. We’re lucky that Anna knows how to fix machines!

Who is making you wash the dishes, Ben? You don’t have to wash them. You’re only five!

Last night, Kevin forgot to clean the pot after making pasta.

We like to make soup in this pot because it’s so big!

床掃除・掃除機をかける

掃除機をかける

My mom always makes me vacuum the house. Well, my brother never vacuums!

Lisa, you never clean your room, so I have to make you vacuum every week!

Before you mop the floor, use the vacuum to clean all the dust.

床掃除

Kevin, you need to mop the floor!

Why are you making me mop the floor? We don’t have to mop it every day.

I’m so happy that nobody makes me wash the floors every day!

My little brother makes me share my snacks. I make him mop the floor.

冷蔵庫・冷凍庫・氷

My grandma didn’t have a freezer when she was young, so she never had ice.

I’m hot because I’ve been cleaning for five hours! Is there ice in the freezer?

If you put water in the freezer, it becomes ice.

I once put on my gloves to clean the freezer.

Why are you making her clean the freezer?

犬の散歩、○○の世話

Taking care of three dogs is a lot of work!

I often take care of my brother. My parents make me take care of him.

Really? I had to walk with our dog every day.

ほこり

There’s so much dust on the shelf!

There was a lot of dust on the old doll. Nobody had played with it in years.

台所・ごみ

I can’t cook because my kitchen is messy!

Ew, this garbage smells really bad!
おえっ、このゴミは本当にひどい臭いがします!

Yes, that sounds good. I’ll start with the kitchen.

I made Tom clean the kitchen yesterday. I often make him clean the kitchen.

I have to clean the hall every week. And now you’re making me clean the kitchen, too!

怒った・怒られた

I got in trouble because I ate all the cookies. My parents were angry!

My wife makes me clean the house when I come home after work. I’m so angry!

Oh no! Did you get in trouble?
うわ、怒られましたか?

ルームメイト

My roommate has always made me feel comfortable at home.

No, his roommate will never make him take care of the garden.

My roommates have never made me clean anything I didn’t want to clean.

〜(液体)をこぼした

Last night, Lin spilled coffee on your rug!

I spilled my soda, but luckily not on myself!

At our last party, I spilled my soda everywhere! I had to mop the floor.

(来週・週末一緒に)掃除しよう

You don’t have to do housework this week. We can clean together next week.

We can clean the windows next week. We don’t have to clean them today.

We can clean together this weekend. You don’t have to clean your room now.

上記以外の「掃除・家事」に関する表現

My parents have never made me do housework, so I often rest on the weekend.

Ben has to do some housework. The dishes are dirty and the kids are hungry.

It’s time to clean up. This house has got to look perfect!

Emma, stop. Please clean up the wall now.
エマ、やめて。今すぐ壁をきれいにしてください。

You need to clean this room! I dislike seeing clothes on the floor!

Lisa has to clean her room. Mom makes her clean it every week.

Should I continue cleaning, or should I stop?

その他の表現

In college, my sister got in trouble because her room was too messy.

Mom has just made me throw away some toys.

My sister has always made me buy groceries with her.

Where is the rug? It should be on the floor here.

今回のツッコミ表現

きのぷー

見つけ次第更新いたします

出題の傾向と対策

現在準備中です。順次更新いたします

読んで答えてください

英語の出題文と設問を見て、選択肢の中から適切なものを1つ選んでください。英文は音声ありで、スピーカーのアイコンを押せば、繰り返し聴くことができます

My sister and I liked to talk a lot while we did housework. My mom often said, “If you continue working, you can continue talking!”  The sisters worked…

and talked at the same time

My mom didn’t let us bring drinks in the living room. So when I spilled milk on the sofa, I got in trouble. My mom was really mad!  What did the child do wrong?

made a mess

公式ウェブサイト

そもそも「Duolingoって何者?」という方は下記リンクをご覧下さい。運営さん曰く、

「ゲーム感覚の外国語学習体験にハマる人続出?!世界で5億人が愛用する外国語学習の定番サイト&アプリです。」

詳しくはこちら

よかったらシェアしてね!
  • URLをコピーしました!
  • URLをコピーしました!
目次